Quick Answer: How Do You Explain Financial Statements?

How do you describe financial statements?

Financial statements (or financial reports) are formal records of the financial activities and position of a business, person, or other entity.

A balance sheet or statement of financial position, reports on a company’s assets, liabilities, and owners equity at a given point in time..

What are the four basic financial statements?

There are four main financial statements. They are: (1) balance sheets; (2) income statements; (3) cash flow statements; and (4) statements of shareholders’ equity.

Who are the users of financial statement?

The users of accounting information include: the owners and investors, management, suppliers, lenders, employees, customers, the government, and the general public.

What goes in the income statement?

The income statement consists of revenues (money received from the sale of products and services, before expenses are taken out, also known as the “top line”) and expenses, along with the resulting net income or loss over a period of time due to earning activities.

What is the purpose of each financial statement?

The general purpose of the financial statements is to provide information about the results of operations, financial position, and cash flows of an organization. This information is used by the readers of financial statements to make decisions regarding the allocation of resources.

What is the difference between balance sheet and P&L?

Here’s the main one: The balance sheet reports the assets, liabilities and shareholder equity at a specific point in time, while a P&L statement summarizes a company’s revenues, costs, and expenses during a specific period of time. …

What are the 5 types of financial statements?

A complete set of financial statements is made up of five components: an Income Statement, a Statement of Changes in Equity, a Balance Sheet, a Statement of Cash Flows, and Notes to Financial Statements.

What is the most important financial statement?

The most important financial statement for the majority of users is likely to be the income statement, since it reveals the ability of a business to generate a profit. Also, the information listed on the income statement is mostly in relatively current dollars, and so represents a reasonable degree of accuracy.

What order do you prepare financial statements?

Financial statements are prepared in the following order:Income Statement.Statement of Retained Earnings – also called Statement of Owners’ Equity.The Balance Sheet.The Statement of Cash Flows.

What are the six components of financial statements?

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) has defined the following elements of financial statements of business enterprises: assets, liabilities, equity, revenues, expenses, gains, losses, investment by owners, distribution to owners, and comprehensive income.

Which financial statement is prepared first?

Income statementIncome statement The financial statement prepared first is your income statement. As you know by now, the income statement breaks down all of your company’s revenues and expenses. You need your income statement first because it gives you the necessary information to generate other financial statements.